PERITONEAL MESOTHELIOMA CANCER
Mesothelioma is a serious cancer found in the mesothelium (cancer of the mesothelium), a protective sac that covers most of the body’s internal organs including the lungs (called pleura mesothelioma), heart (called pericardium mesothelioma) and abdominal (called peritoneal mesothelioma) organs. Particle cells of the mesothelium become cancerous and grow out of control as mesothelioma cancer most cause by exposure to mineral Asbestos.
Mesothelioma is a very aggressive form of cancer, comes from inhaling the particles of dust as the asbestos degrades; eating away at the lining of your lungs and developing into a deadly cancer. This form of cancer affects people of every race equally, does people who have been diagnosed with mesothelioma has increased significantly in the past 30 years.
Mesothelioma, Between 70-80% of people diagnosed with mesothelioma have been exposed to asbestos, usually in the workplace so more common in men, with a male-to-female ratio of 3:1. They worked in factories, at shipyards, in mines, for the US military, as engineers, as pipefitters, as steel workers, as auto mechanics, and in so many other professions.
Mesothelioma’s Diagnosis is the process of ascertaining a disease by its symptoms, signs, and the results of a variety of diagnostic tests.
Sign and Symptom Mesothelioma
Peritoneal Mesothelioma, signs and symptoms usually do not appear until 30+ years after exposure to asbestos. Patients who have peritoneal mesothelioma generally experience abdominal pain, fever, loss of appetite, nausea and abdominal swelling, often in addition to the symptoms of pleural mesothelioma like persistent cough, breathing becomes more restricted and severe chest pain develops. These symptoms are the result of tumors that press against the abdominal wall. In advanced cases of peritoneal mesothelioma, a patient may also develop bowel obstruction or further breathing obstruction due to tumor expansion.
Test Diagnosis for Mesothelioma
Peritoneal Mesothelioma’s suspects will get order a chest x-ray, CAT Scan, or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). If mesothelioma is present, imaging tests may show thick, nodular masses on the pleural surface. Other is may choose to perform a needle biopsy to collect a sample of tissue, 40% needle biopsy is accurate.
Mesothelioma with an open biopsy’s method is the most accurate diagnostic because a larger tissue sample can be obtained.Cytology testing of the pleural fluid has little value and therefore is not commonly used as a means for diagnosing mesothelioma.
Treatment Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Three traditional kinds of treatment exist for patients with malignant mesothelioma: surgery which removes the cancerous masses from the body, chemotherapy which uses a variety of potent drugs to kill the cancer, and radiation therapy which uses high doses of x-rays to kill the cancer cells and multimodality treatment which involves a combination of all 3 standard strategies (ie, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation).
Alimta (Pemetrexed) Mesothelioma Treatment
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Eli Lilly Company announced that Alimta (pemetrexed) would be made available to patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma, It was on July 2002. Alimta is a new antifolate, a type of drug that targets the folic acid metabolic pathway, inhibiting the availability of certain B complex vitamins to fight mesothelioma infections.
The findings: Tumors shrank in 41 percent of patients on Alimta (pemetrexed) in combination cisplatin, a more common chemotherapy treatment. Cisplatin resulted reduced to tumors in 17 percent of patients receiving it. Patients on the Alimta (pemetrexed) cisplatin combination lived nearly three months longer than those on cisplatin alone.